Exploring Nepal नेपाल

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Annapurna Massif, Nepal
Annapurna Massif, Nepal
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Annapurna_Massif_Panorama.jpg
authorshipDmitry A. Mottl
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Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल) is a small, landlocked country in the Indian subcontinent. It has a total area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 square miles), rougly the combined size of Austria and Switzerland. Nepal has a population of about 30 million people. The country shares a border with China to the north, India to the west, south and east. Nepal straddles the Himalayan range. It is roughly 100 km wide and 885 km from west to east. The country has some of the tallest peak in the world within its borders, including Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world.


Sadhus at Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu
Sadhus at Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sadu_Kathmandu_Pashupatinath_2006_Luca_Galuzzi.jpg
authorshipLuca Galuzzi - www.galuzzi.it
photo licensing


Planning a trip to Nepal? Below please find the a list of hotels in major cities of Nepal, as provided by Agoda. If you do not find the town you are visiting listed here, take a look at the more complete list of hotels in Nepal as well.
  1. Kathmandu hotels

  2. Pokhara hotels

  3. Nagarkot hotels

  4. Bhaktapur hotels

  5. Chitwan National Park hotels

  6. Lumbini hotels

  7. Patan hotels



Main Travel Destinations in Nepal

  1. Kathmandu - capital

  2. Bhaktapur

  3. Jomsom

  4. Lumbini

  5. Nagarkot

  6. Patan

  7. Pokhara

World Heritage Sites in Nepal

  1. Kathmandu Valley
  2. Sagarmatha National Park
  3. Royal Chitwan National Park
  4. Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

Mountain Villages on the Annapurna Circuit

  1. Kagbeni

  2. Marpha

  3. Muktinath

  4. Pisang



Join the Big World Out There Facebook Group and show your photos of Nepal on our Facebook Group. Selected posts are listed below.
  1. Deric Ong's photos of Nepal's ancient cities





Namche Bazaar, Nepal
Namche Bazaar, Nepal
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Namche_Bazaar#mediaviewer/File:Namche_bazaar_krish.jpg
authorshipKrish Dulal
photo licensing

The capital of Nepal, Kathmandu, is the main gateway for tourists to the country. It is located about centre of the country, and slightly to the east. Kathmandu is not only the biggest city in Nepal, it is also the cultural hub of the nation, with many historic sights closely. Tourists come to Nepal for two main purposes, to enjoy the Himalayan range and to enjoy the culture of the country.

Mainstream tourists usually spend a few days in Kathmandu followed by a day or two in Pokhara, a beautiful small town with scenic views of the surrounding mountains. From there, they make excursions to view the nearby peaks. Those staying longer in Nepal embark on trekking holidays into the Himalayas, to places such as Jomsom or the Everest Base Camp. Only a small number actually engage in any form of serious mountain climbing, which is not an endeavour for the inexperienced.


The World Peace Pagoda in Lumbini, Nepal
The World Peace Pagoda in Lumbini, Nepal
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Lumbini_Shanti_Stupa#mediaviewer/File:The_World_Peace_Pagoda_-_Lumbini.jpg
authorshiptearsxintherain
photo licensing

The climate in Nepal is extremely varied. Generally, the best time to visit Nepal are the months of October and March, while for just Kathmandu, the best time is between October to March.

Despite its natural wealth, Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world. This has brought along social and political unrest, which culminated with the abolishing of the monarchy on 28 May, 2008, making Nepal a federal republic. Even with the volatile political climate, tourism in Nepal was only marginally affected, and people continue to visit it, drawn by its pristine beauty and unique culture.


Brimsen Temple in Patan
Brimsen Temple in Patan
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Bhimsen_Temple,_Patan_Durbar_Square#mediaviewer/File:Bhimsen_temple_Patan_GP_(8).JPG
authorshipGanesh Paudel
photo licensing

Nepal Travel Information

  • Official Name: Nepal
  • Capital: Kathmandu (1,300,000)
  • Population of Nepal: 27,676,500
  • Languages: Nepali (48%), Maithali (12%), English, over 90 indigenous languages
  • Currency: Nepalese Rupee
  • Religions: Hindu (80%), Buddhist (10%), others
  • Size: 140,800 sq km (54,363 sq miles)
  • Region: Asia

Nepal Entry Points

The majority of visitors to Nepal arrive by air, landing at Tribhuvan International Airport about 6.5km from Kathmandu. Tribhuvan is the only international airport in Nepal.


Yaks with Taboche mountain and Cholatse mountain
Yaks with Taboche mountain and Cholatse mountain
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Duglha_yaks.jpg
authorshipPavel Novak
photo licensing

Nepal Entry Requirements

Except for Indian nationals, everybody else above the age of 10 require a visa to enter Nepal. Visas are obtainable immediately upon landing at Tribhuvan International Airport. Single entry 60-day visa costs US$30, double-entry $55 and multiple-entry $90. You need a passport with at least 6-month validity and two passport-size photographs. Extension of visas cost US$50, and must be applied for before the visa expires, from the Department of Immigration in Kathmandu.

Department of Immigration
phone: 223590, 222453, 223681
email: immigration@most.gov.np
web: http://www.welcomenepal.com
Visa matters: Mon-Fri 9:00am-3:00pm (summer), 9:00am-2:00pm (winter)


Rugged terrain of the Kali Gandaki valley in Nepal
Rugged terrain of the Kali Gandaki valley in Nepal
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:KaliGandaki.jpg
authorshipKogo
photo licensing

Nepal Health Requirements

Nepal is a poor country and visitors are well advised to consider receiving vaccines for typhoid fever, hepatitis A and B, Japanese encephalitis (if visiting the Terai during June to October), rabies, and if visiting in the winter months, meningitis A/C. You should never drink unboiled or untreated water. Stay away from ice cubes. Avoid eating raw vegetables, uncooked fish and seafood.

Finally, it will also well-advised to purchase travel insurance with emergency evacuation included in the clause.

Nepal Customs

Travellers may bring in 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 250g of tobacca, one bottle of liquor and 15 rolls of film. Also duty-free are personal effects: one pair of binoculars, one still camera, one video camera, one laptop computer and one portable music system. The usual prohibition against firearms, ammunition and narcotics apply, as well as for radio transmitters and walkie-talkies.

You will also need to clear customs when leaving Nepal. Please note that you are forbidden from bringing out any object that is more than 100 years old. Antiques and art treasures require special certificate from the Department of Archaeology, which takes two days to obtain.


The peaks of Dorje Lakpa, as seen from Nagarkot, Nepal
The peaks of Dorje Lakpa, as seen from Nagarkot, Nepal
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Nagarkot#mediaviewer/File:Le_Dorje_Lakpa_(Himalaya,_N%C3%A9pal)_(8449549937).jpg
authorshipdalbera
photo licensing

Nepal Currency

The Nepal currency is called the Nepalese rupee (NRS). Banknotes are available in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 rupees. Two types of coins are available. The higher denomination ones, of 1 and 2 rupees, are gold-toned, while the lower denomination ones, of 50, 25, 10 and 5 paisa, are aluminium ones.

You can change your cash at the airport, at any banks and foreign exchange counters in Kathmandu. There's a Standard Chartered 24-hour ATM in Thamel which you can use to cash your ATM Cirrus card, as well as Visa and MasterCard.

Credit Cards

Credit cards can be used for purchases in Kathmandu without much hassle. Visa, MasterCard, Diner's Club and American Express are widely accepted, though a 5% commission is added for credit card purchases.

Banking Hours
Banks are open from 9:15am to 2:30pm, Mondays to Fridays.


Janaki Mandir in Janakpur, Nepal
Janaki Mandir in Janakpur, Nepal
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2009-03_Janakpur_05.jpg
authorshipRalf Lotys
photo licensing

Nepal Public Holidays

Five different types of calendars are used in Nepal. This includes the Western calendar (also called the Gregorian calendar), the Tibetan calendar (Bhot Byalo), and the Vikram Sambat, which is the official calendar in Nepal, and is used in the royal household, in newspapers, public services and by the government. The following are the public holidays in Nepal, according to the Gregorian calendar:

  • Vasant Panchami: January, date varies
  • Martyrs' Day: 30 January
  • Rashtriya Prajatantra Divas (National Democracy Day): 19 February
  • Ghode Jatra (Festival of Horses): March, date varies
  • Holi: March, date varies
  • Shivaratri (festival in honour of Lord Shiva): March, date varies
  • Ram Nawami (Birthday of Lord Ram): March, date varies
  • Nepalese Women's Day: 8 March
  • Chaite Dashain: March/April, date varies
  • Navabarsha (Nepalese New Year's Day): 14 April
  • Buddha Jayanti: Full moon in May, birthday of the Buddha
  • Children's Day: 20 August
  • Rakshya Bandhan (Janai Purnima): August, date varies
  • Krishna Janmashtami: August/September, date varies
  • Fulpati Saptami: September, date varies
  • Maha Asthami: September, date varies
  • Maha Nawami: September, date varies
  • Vijaya Dashami: September, date varies
  • Laxhmi Puja: October, date varies
  • Ghatasthapana: October, date varies
  • Gobardhan Puja: October, date varies
  • Constitution Day: 9 November


    Womenfolk preparing bonfire for the Holika Dahan spring festival in Kathmandu, Nepal
    Womenfolk preparing bonfire for the Holika Dahan spring festival in Kathmandu, Nepal
    photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Holika_Dahan,_Kathamandu,_Nepal.jpg
    authorshipEkabhishek
    photo licensing

    Using the Telephone in Nepal

    The country code for Nepal is 977. Here are some telephone area codes in Nepal:
    • Kathmandu: 1
    • Dhangadi: 91
    • Gorkha: 64
    • Nepalgunj: 81

    Newspapers

    • The Rising Nepal: http://www.nepalnews.com.np/trn.htm
    • Kantipur National Daily (sister to Kathmandu Post): http://www.kantipuronline.com
    • Nepali Times: http://www.nepalitimes.com

    More Sights in the Kathmandu Valley

    1. Astura Cave

    2. Bagh Bhairav Mandir

    3. Balaju

    4. Banepa

    5. Bishankhu Narayan

    6. Budhanilkantha

    7. Bungamati

    8. Chabahil

    9. Chandeshwari Mandir

    10. Changu Narayan

    11. Chilanchu Vihar

    12. Chobhar Gorge

    13. Dakshinkali

    14. Dhulikhel

    15. Godavari

    16. Ichangu Narayan

    17. Jal Binayak

    18. Kakani

    19. Karya Binayak

    20. Khokana

    21. Kirtipur

    22. Lele

    23. Mahadev

    24. Nagarjun Ban

    25. Nala

    26. Namo Buddha

    27. Shekh Narayan Mandir

    28. Sunakothi

    29. Panauti

    30. Pharping

    31. Phulchoki

    32. Sankhu

    33. Thecho

    34. Tika Bhairav

    35. Uma Maheshwar Mandir

    36. Vajra Varahi

    Cities and Sights between Kathmandu and Pokhara

    1. Bhagwati Mandir

    2. Daman

    3. Dumre

    4. Gorkha

    5. Manakamana

    6. Mugling

    7. Nuwakot

    Sights on the Annapurna Trek

    1. Annapurna I

    2. Annapurna Base Camp

    3. Annapurna Sanctuary

    4. Bagarchhap

    5. Beni

    6. Bhratang

    7. Birethani

    8. Braga

    9. Chame

    10. Chulu Central

    11. Chulu Gundang

    12. Chulu West

    13. Dhaulagiri I

    14. Ghale

    15. Ghandrung

    16. Ghanpokhara

    17. Ghasa

    18. Ghorapani

    19. Himal Chuli

    20. Hiunchuli

    21. Khangsar

    22. Lo Manthang

    23. Machhapuchhre

    24. Manaslu

    25. Mardi Himal

    26. Pisang Chuli

    27. Siklis

    28. Singu Chuli

    29. Tatopani

    30. Tharpu Chule

    Sights on the Langtang-Gosainkund-Helambu Trek

    1. Besisahar

    2. Betrawati

    3. Chautara

    4. Dhunche

    5. Gorkha

    6. Gosainkund

    7. Gosainkund Lakes

    8. Gosainkund Lekh

    9. Helambu

    10. Kyanjin

    11. Langtang National Park

    12. Laprak

    13. Larkya Himal

    14. Larkya La

    15. Manaslu

    16. Melamchigaun

    17. Panch Pokhari

    18. Syabru

    Sights in the Everest Region

    1. Beding

    2. Changtse

    3. Cho Oyu

    4. Duglha

    5. Everest Base Camp

    6. Gokyo

    7. Imja Tse (Island Peak)

    8. Jiri

    9. Junbesi

    10. Khumbu

    11. Kongma Tse

    12. Kusum Kangguru

    13. Kwangde Ri

    14. Lho La

    15. Lobuche East

    16. Lukla

    17. Mera Peak

    18. Namche Bazar

    19. Pangboche

    20. Parchamo

    21. Pokalde

    22. Pumo Ri

    23. Ramdung

    24. Sagarmatha National Park

    25. Thame

    26. Thyangboche

    Sights East of Everest

    1. Bhojpur

    2. Chainpur

    3. Dobhan

    4. Ghunsa

    5. Kabeli Khola

    6. Kanchenjunga

    7. Lhonak

    8. Makalu

    9. Makalu Base Camp

    10. Taplejung

    11. Tumlingtar

    Cities and Sights of the Terai

    1. Bardia National Park

    2. Bharatpur

    3. Biratnagar

    4. Birganj

    5. Chisapani

    6. Chitwan National Park

    7. Devghat

    8. Dhangarhi

    9. Dharan

    10. Janaki Mandir

    11. Janakpur

    12. Kakarbhitta

    13. Kapilavastu

    14. Kosi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

    15. Mahendranagar

    16. Narayanghat

    17. Nepalganj

    18. Sauraha

    19. Siddharthanagar

    20. Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve

    Cities and Sights of the Remote West

    1. Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve

    2. Dipayal

    3. Dolpo

    4. Dunai

    5. Humla

    6. Jumla

    7. Khaptad National Park

    8. Munchu

    9. Phoksundo Tal

    10. Pina

    11. Rara National Park

    12. Ringmo

    13. Shey-Phoksundo National Park

    14. Simikot

    15. Tarakot

    16. Tibrikot




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